On Sentencing Adults
Excerpts from The Criminal Code
There are several sentencing principles involved in the sentencing of adults:
- Denunciation: The sentence must demonstrate society’s disapproval of the behavior in question.
- General Deterrence: The sentence must send a message to others who commit similar offences.
- Specific Deterrence: There must be a strong message sent to this individual so that it does not happen again.
- Rehabilitation: Everyone should be given the opportunity to improve their behavior and leave criminal activity behind.
Potential Dispositions and/or Sentences:
- Diversion out of the criminal process
- Signing of a peace bond (a promise to the court to abide by certain stipulated conditions) with charges being withdrawn
- Conditional and Absolute Discharges which mean a finding of guilt but no criminal record
- Probation where you are required to abide by conditions imposed by the judge and report to a probation officer
- Pay a fine or make restitution to the victim
- House arrest on a conditional sentence with conditions in addition to probation (sort of like probation on steroids) and
- Real Jail either in a provincial institution (sentences less than 2 years) or the federal penitentiary (sentences for 2 years or more).